Legal Dictionary

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  1. A

    The first letter of the English and most other alphabets, is frequently used as an abbreviation, (q. v.) and also in the marks of schedules or papers, as schedule A, B, C, &c. Among the Romans this letter was used in criminal trials. The judges were furnished with small tables covered with wax, and each one inscribed on it the initial letter of his vote; A, when he voted to absolve the party on trial; C, when he was for condemnation; and N L, (non liquet) when the matter did not appear clearly, [...]
  2. A Better Way

    A Better Way is a conservative agenda for U.S. governance, crafted by Speaker of the House Paul Ryan as well as Kevin Brady, chairman of the House Ways and Means Committee. Ryan calls the six-point plan "a complete alternative to the Left's agenda". Shortly after the United States elections, 2016, Speaker Ryan said that the plan, described by Reuters as an "aggressive Republican legislative agenda", provides a blueprint for laws he expects to spearhead in the Republican congress cooperation [...]
  3. A Fortiori

    "From stronger". An a fortiori argument is an "argument from a stronger reason", meaning that because one fact is true, that a second related and included fact must also be true.
    A Latin term meaning literally 'from [the] stronger'. Translated into English and used in the particular context of legal writing, the term often means 'from [the] stronger [argument]'. If a particular fact is true, then one can infer that a second fact is also true.
    Latin and means more effective or with greater reason.
  4. A La Carte Pay Television

    A la carte pay television (from the French à la carte, "from the menu"), also referred to as pick-and-pay, refers to a pricing model for pay television services in which customers subscribe to individual television channels. A la carte pricing contrasts with the prevailing model of bundling, in which channels are grouped into packages that are offered on an all-or-nothing basis.
  5. A Mensa Et Thoro

    "From table and bed". Divorce a mensa et thoro indicates legal separation without legal divorce.
    From bed and board. A divorce a mensa et thoro, is rather a separation of the parties by act of law, than a dissolution of the marriage. It may be granted for the causes of extreme cruelty or desertion of the wife by the husband. 2 Eccl. Rep. 208. This kind of divorce does not affect the legitimacy of children, nor authorize a second marriage. V. A vinculo matrimonii; Cruelty Divorce.
  6. A Moron In A Hurry

    A moron in a hurry is a legal test for trademark infringement or passing off in which a hypothetical person against whom a claimant's concern might be judged in a civil law action. The expression is used to reject a claim that two items could reasonably be confused by a passer-by: that "only a moron in a hurry" would be confused. If the items offered for sale are distinct, the goodwill and brand of one trader cannot be affected by another's.
  7. A Posteriori

    "From later". An argument derived from subsequent event.
  8. A Prendre

    French, to take, to seize, in contracts, as profits a prendre. Ham. N. P. 184; or a right to take something out of the soil. 5 Ad. & Ell. 764; 1 N. & P. 172 it differs from a right of way, which is simply an easement or interest which confers no interest in the land. 5 B. & C. 221.
  9. A Priori

    "From earlier". An argument derived from previous event.
    A Latin term meaning "from what comes before." In legal arguments, a priori generally means that a particular idea is taken as a given.
    Latin, is concluded from what has happened previously and that certain affects must by necessity will follow.
  10. A Quo

    A Latin phrases which signifies from which; example, in the computation of time, the day a quo is not to be counted, but the day ad quem is always included. 13 Toull. n. 52 ; 2 Duv. n. 22. A court a quo, the court from which an appeal has been taken; a judge a quo is a judge of a court below. 6 Mart. Lo. R. 520; 1 Har. Cond. L. R. 501. See Ad quem.
  11. A Rendre

    French, to render, to yield, contracts. Profits a rendre; under this term are comprehended rents and services. Ham N. P. 192.
  12. A Rising Tide Lifts All Boats

    The aphorism "a rising tide lifts all boats" is associated with the idea that improvements in the general economy will benefit all participants in that economy, and that economic policy, particularly government economic policy, should therefore focus on the general macroeconomic environment first and foremost.
  13. A Share

    In finance an A share is a designation for a 'class' of common or preferred stock that typically has weakened voting rights or other benefits compared to B share or C share that may have been created. The equity structure, or how many types of shares are offered, is determined by the corporate charter. A share is also a way of pricing sales charges (loads) on mutual funds in the United States. In an A share, the sales load is up front, typically at most 5.75% of the amount invested. In [...]
    This share of stock features rental rights but no control rights over the company. The lack of authority generally provides a discount in price
  14. A Tort

    French for unjustly and without reason.
  15. A Vinculo Matrimonii

    From the bond of marriage. A marriage may be dissolved a vinculo, in many states, as in Pennsylvania, on the ground of canonical disabilities before marriage, as that one of the parties was legally married to a person who was then living; impotence, (q. v.,) and the like adultery cruelty and malicious desertion for two years or more. In New York a sentence of imprisonment for life is also a ground for a divorce a vinculo. When the marriage is dissolved a vinculo, the parties may marry again but [...]
  16. A-paper

    In the mortgage industry of the United States, A-paper is a term to describe a mortgage loan for which the asset and borrower meet the following criteria: In the United States, the borrower has a credit score of 680 or higher The borrower fully documents their income and assets The borrower's debt to income ratio does not exceed 35% The borrower retains 2 months of mortgage payments in reserves after closing The borrower injects at least 20% equity
  17. Ab Initio

    Ab initio (/ˌæbᵻˈnɪʃi.oʊ/ AB-i-NISH-ee-oh) is a Latin term meaning "from the beginning" and is derived from the Latin ab ("from") + initio, ablative singular of initium ("beginning").
    A Latin term meaning "from the beginning." Used to indicate that some fact existed from the start of a relevant time period.
    Latin, for from the first act or meaning from the start.
    From the beginning. 2. When a man enters upon lands or into the house of another by authority of law, and afterwards abuses that authority, he becomes a trespasser ab initio. Bac. Ab. Trespass, B.; 8 Coke, 146 2 Bl. Rep. 1218 Clayt. 44. And if an officer neglect to remove goods attached within a reasonable time and continue in possession, his entry becomes a trespass ab initio. 2 Bl. Rep. 1218. See also as to other cases, 2 Stra. 717 1 H. Bl. 13 11 East, 395 2 Camp. 115 2 Johns. 191; 10 Johns. [...]
  18. Ab Intestat

    An heir, ab intestat, is one on whom the law casts the inheritance or estate of a person who dies intestate.
  19. Ab Intestato

    A Latin term meaning "by intestacy." The term refers to laws governing the succession of property after its previous owner dies without a valid will.
  20. Ab Irato

    Civil law. A Latin phrase, which signifies by a man in anger. It is applied to bequests or gifts, which a man makes adverse to the interest of his heir, in consequence of anger or hatred against him. Thus a devise made under these circumstances is called a testament ab irato. And the suit which the heirs institute to annul this will is called an action ab irato. Merlin, Repert. mots Ab irato.

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