Legal Dictionary

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  1. Ya Et Nay

    In old records. Mere assertion and denial, without oath.
  2. Yacht

    A yacht /ˈjɒt/ is a recreational boat or ship. The term originates from the Dutch word jacht "hunt", and was originally defined as a light fast sailing vessel used by the Dutch navy to pursue pirates and other transgressors around and into the shallow waters of the Low Countries. After its selection by Charles II of England as the vessel to carry him to England from the Netherlands for his restoration in 1660 it came to be used to mean a vessel used to convey important persons. In modern use [...]
    A light sea-going vessel, used only for pleasure-tripe, racing, eta Webster. See 22 St. at Large, 566 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 2845); Rev. St U. S. §§ -4215-4218 (U. S. Comp. St 1901, p. 2847).
  3. Yacht Insurance

    Insurance that covers pleasure boats against collision, hull damage, and liability indemnity.
  4. Yankee

    The term "Yankee" and its contracted form "Yank" have several interrelated meanings, all referring to people from the United States. Its various senses depend on the scope of context. Most broadly: Outside the United States, "Yank" is used informally to refer to any American, including Southerners. Within Southern American English, "Yankee" is a derisive term used to refer to any and all Northerners, or those from the regions of the Union side of the American Civil War. Elsewhere in the [...]
    A note issued in US dollars by a foreign company in the market.
  5. Yankee Bond

    Dollar denomination bond sold in USA by a foreign bank. Equivalent to a Eurobond.
  6. Yard

    The yard (abbreviation: yd) is an English unit of length, in both the British imperial and US customary systems of measurement, that comprises 3 feet or 36 inches. It is by international agreement in 1959 standardized as exactly 0.9144 meters. A metal yardstick originally formed the physical standard from which all other units of length were officially derived in both English systems. In the 19th and 20th centuries, increasingly powerful microscopes and scientific measurement [...]
    A measure of length, containing three feet or thirty-six inches. A piece of land enclosed for the use and accommodation of the inhabitants of a house.
  7. Yard Lumber

    Run of mill lumber in various finishes, widths and lengths.
  8. Yardland

    Or virgata terrae, is a quantity of land, said by some to be twenty acres, but by Coke to be of uncertain extent
  9. Yates' Correction For Continuity

    Formula used to adjust formula in Pearson's chi-square test.
  10. Yea

    Yes. The word "yea" is used in oral voting and also written or spoken when announcing vote results. Illustrative caselaw See, e.g. John Doe No. 1 v. Reed, 130 S.Ct. 2811, 2833–34 (2010). See also Aye Nay (contrast)
    Yes and no. According to a charter of Athelstan, the people of Riponwere to be believed in all actions or suits upon their yea and nay, without the yynecessity of taking any oath. Brown.
  11. Yea And Nay

    Yes and no. According to a charter of Athelstan, the people of Ripon were to be believed in all actions or suits upon their yea and nay, without the necessity of taking any oath. Brown.
  12. Year

    A year is the orbital period of the Earth moving in its orbit around the Sun. Due to the Earth's axial tilt, the course of a year sees the passing of the seasons, marked by changes in weather, the hours of daylight, and, consequently, vegetation and soil fertility. In temperate and subpolar regions around the globe, four seasons are generally recognized: spring, summer, autumn and winter. In tropical and subtropical regions several geographical sectors do not present defined seasons; but in the [...]
    The period in which the revolution of the earth round the sun, and the accompanying changes in the order of nature, are completed. Generally, when a statute speaks of a year, twelve calendar, and not lunar, months are intended. Cro. Jac. 166. The year is either astronomical, ecclesiastical or regnal, beginning on the 1st of January or 25th of March or the day of the sovereign's accession. Wharton.
  13. Year And A Day

    A period of time running from any date until the same date in the following year, e.g. from January 1 to January 1 of the following year. At common law, the statute of limitations for filing certain claims and prosecuting certain crimes. The term arose because a year from January 1 would traditionally run through December 31, not January 1. Also called "year and day." Illustrative caselaw See, e.g. Rogers v. Tennessee, 532 U.S. 451 (2001). See also Year and a day rule
    1. A period of a jail sentence. 2. In some jurisdictions, a death from wounding to be called murder must occur with one year and a day.3. Time during which a person can claim a wreck before it becomes public property.
  14. Year And A Day Rule

    The year and a day rule has been a common length of time for establishing differences in legal status. The phrase "year and a day rule" is associated with the former common law standard that death could not be legally attributed to acts or omissions that occurred more than a year and a day before the death. It is elsewhere associated with the minimum sentence for a crime to count as a felony.
    A bright-line, common law rule that a person cannot be convicted of homicide for a death that occurs more than a year and a day after his or her act(s) that allegedly caused it. The rule arose from the difficulty of determining cause of death after an extended period of time. Like most common law principles, state legislatures or courts may modify or abolish this rule. Illustrative caselaw See, e.g. Rogers v. Tennessee, 532 U.S. 451 (2001). See also Statute of limitations
  15. Year And Day

    See year and a day. Illustrative caselaw See, e.g. Rogers v. Tennessee, 532 U.S. 451 (2001). See also Year and a day rule
    This period was fixed for many purposes in law. Thus, in the case of an estray, if the owner did not claim it within that lime, it became the property of the lord. So the owners of wreck must clnim it within a year and a day. Death must follow upon wounding within a year and a day if the wounding is to be indicted as murder. Also, a year and a day were given for prosecuting or avoiding certain legal acts; e. g., for bringing actions after entry, for making claim for avoiding a fine, etc. Brown.
  16. Year Books

    The Year Books are the modern English name that is now typically given to the earliest law reports of England. Substantial numbers of manuscripts circulated during the later medieval period containing reports of pleas heard before the Common Bench. In the sixteenth century versions of this material appeared in print form. These publications constituted the earliest legal precedents of the common law. They are extant in a continuous series from 1268 to 1535, covering the reigns of King Edward I [...]
    Books of reports of cases in a regular series from the reign of the English King Edward I., inclusive, to the time of Henry VIII., which were taken by the prothonotaries or chief scribas of the courts, at the expense of the crown, and published annually; whence their name, "Year Books." Brown.
  17. Year Plan

    A year where records of a plan are kept.
  18. Year To Date Net Income

    Revenue from the start of a calendar year to a current date.
  19. Year To Year Tenancy

    This estate arises either expressly, as when land is let from year to year; or by a general parol demise, without any determinate interest, but reserving the payment of an annual rent; or impliedly, as when property is occupied generally under a rent payable yearly, half-yearly, or quarterly ; or when a tenant holds over, after the expiration of his tenn. without having entered into any new contract, and pays rent, (before which he is tenant on sufferance.) Wharton.
  20. Year, Day And Waste

    The king’s prerogative of taking the profits for a year and a day of the lands of one attainted and of committing waste thereon.
    In English law. An ancient prerogative of the king, whereby he was entitled to the profits, for a year and a day, of the lands of persons attainted of petty treason or felony, together with the right of wasting the tenements, afterwards restoring the property to the lord of the fee. Abrogated by St. 54 Geo. III. & 145. Whar-tion.

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