Legal Dictionary

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  1. O Visa

    An O visa is a classification of non-immigrant temporary worker visa granted by the United States to an alien "who possesses extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics, or who has a demonstrated record of extraordinary achievement in the motion picture or television industry and has been recognized nationally or internationally for those achievements," and to certain assistants and immediate family members of such aliens. According to United States [...]
    A type O visa is a non-immigrant visa for foreign workers who wish to remain in the United States temporarily to work. It is given to those who have extraordinary ability in the sciences, arts, education, business, or athletics, or extraordinary achievements in the motion picture and television field. The immigrant must have earned an internationally recognized award or have other qualifications such as commanding a high salary or providing significant contributions to her field.
  2. O.S.C.

    An abbrevation for: Order to Show Cause.
  3. Oasdi

    An old slang term to refer to diabled individuals or the elderly who depend on the insurance and other funds that are sanctioned by the government. Social Security is the current term for OASDI.
  4. Oath

    Traditionally an oath (from Anglo-Saxon āð, also called plight) is either a statement of fact or a promise with wording relating to something considered sacred as a sign of verity. A common legal substitute for those who conscientiously object to making sacred oaths is to give an affirmation instead. Nowadays, even when there's no notion of sanctity involved, certain promises said out loud in ceremonial or juridical purpose are referred to as oaths. To swear is a verb used to describe the [...]
    Includes every form of attestation by which the party signifies that he is bound in conscience to perform an act faithfully and truthfully. See 59 Minn. 6, 50 Am. St. Rep. 389, 60 N. W. 676.
    An external pledge or asseveration, made in verification of statements made or to be made, coupled with an appeal to a sacred or venerated object, In evidence of the serious and reverent state of mind of the party or with an invocation to a supreme being to witness the words of the party and to visit him with punishment lf they be false. See O'Reilly v. People, 86 N. Y. 154, 40 Am. Rep. 525; Atwood v. Welton, 7 Conn. 70; Clinton v. State, 33 Ohio St. 32; Brock v. Milligan. 10 Ohio, 123; thicker [...]
    A declaration made according to law, before a competent tribunal or officer, to tell the truth; or it is the act of one who, when lawfully required to tell the truth, takes God to witness that what he says is true. It is a religious act by which the party invokes God not only to witness the truth and sincerity of his promise, but also to avenge his imposture or violated faith, or in other words to punish his perjury if he shall be guilty of it. l0 Toull. n. 343 a 348; Puff. book, 4, c. 2, s. 4; [...]
  5. Oath Against Bribery

    One which could bave'been administered to a voter at an election for members of parliament. Abolished in 1854. Wharton.-
  6. Oath Assertory

    1. an oath that relates to the past or present and not the future. 2. An oath required by law but not in a judicial proceeding.
  7. Oath Decisory

    Same as Decisive oath.
  8. Oath Ex Officio

    The oath by which a clergyman charged with a criminal offence was formerly allowed to swear himself to be innocent; also the oath by which the compurgators swore that they believed in his innocence. 3 Bl. Comm. 101, 447; Mozley & Whitley.
    An oath whereby an ecclesiastical officer could purge himself of crime. See 3 Bl. Comm. 101.
  9. Oath False

    The term that describes perjury or the telling of a lie while under oath.
  10. Oath In Litem

    In the civil law. An oath permitted to be taken by the plaintiff, for the purpose of proving the value of the subject-matter in controversy, when there was no other evidence on that point, or when the defendant fraudulently suppressed evidence which might have been available.
    (Civil Law) An oath which was deferred to the complainant as to the value of the thing in dispute.
    A term that is given to the plaintiff's oath as to the value of a thing that is in dispute.
  11. Oath Judicial

    The name that is given to the oath that is taken in court as compared to one taken outside of a court.
  12. Oath Of Allegiance

    An oath of allegiance is an oath whereby a subject or citizen acknowledges a duty of allegiance and swears loyalty to monarch or country. In republics, modern oaths specify allegiance to the country in general, or to the country's constitution. For example, officials in the United States, a republic, take an oath of office that includes swearing allegiance to the United States Constitution. However, in a constitutional monarchy, such as in the United Kingdom, Australia and other Commonwealth [...]
    An oath by which a person promises and binds himself to bear true allegiance to a particular sovereign or government, e. g., the United States; administered generally to high public officers and to soldiers and sailors, also to aliens applying for naturalization, and, occasionally, to citizens generally as a prerequisite to their suing in the courts or prosecuting claims before government bureaus. See Rev. St. U. S. §§ 1756, 2165, 3478 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, pp. 1202, 1329, 2321), and section [...]
    The oath taken by representatives who are elected to the legislature. This oath obligates them to the constitution or monarch of the country.
  13. Oath Of Calumny

    In the civil law. An oath which a plaintiff was obliged to take that he was not prompted by malice or trickery in commencing his action, but that he had bona fide a good cause of action. Poth. Pand. lib. 5, tt. 16, 17, s. 124.
    (Civil Law) An oath of good faith required of a complainant.
    The name of the oath that the plaintiff makes in his suit against the defendant based on truth and not because of malice or deceit.
  14. Oath Of Fealty

    The oath required of a feudal tenant.
  15. Oath Of Hippocrates

    The name of the oath that is taken by all medical graduates all over the world.
  16. Oath Of Office

    An oath of office is an oath or affirmation a person takes before undertaking the duties of an office, usually a position in government or within a religious body, although such oaths are sometimes required of officers of other organizations. Such oaths are often required by the laws of the state, religious body, or other organization before the person may actually exercise the powers of the office or any religious body. It may be administered at an inauguration, coronation, enthronement, or [...]
    A person assuming a position in a public office either through election or appointment is expected to take this formal oath which reminds them of their obligations to the public and to perform their duties to the best of their abilities.
  17. Oath Of Supremacy

    The Oath of Supremacy required any person taking public or church office in England to swear allegiance to the monarch as Supreme Governor of the Church of England. Failure to do so was to be treated as treasonable. The Oath of Supremacy was originally imposed by King Henry VIII of England through the Act of Supremacy 1534, but repealed by his daughter, Queen Mary I of England and reinstated under Mary's half-sister, Queen Elizabeth I of England under the Act of Supremacy 1559. The Oath was [...]
    An oath to uphold the supreme power of the kingdom of England in the person of the reigning sovereign.
  18. Oath Official

    The name given to the sworn oath of a public official on assuming office.
  19. Oath Promissory

    The oath or sworn statement that a person will carry out a future action.
  20. Oath Purgatory

    See Purgation.
    The term applied to a sworn statement where a person purges himself and attempts to clear himself of wrong doing or misconduct.

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