Legal Dictionary

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  1. Jac

    James, King of England.
    An abbreviation for "Jacobus," the Latin form of the name James; used principally in citing statutes enacted In the reigns of the English kings of that name; e. g., "St. 1 Jac. II." Used also in citing the second part of Croke's reports; thus, "Oro. Jac." denotes "Croke's reports of cases in the time of James I."
  2. Jacens

    Lying down; in abeyance.
    Lat. Lying In abeyance, as in the phrase "haereditas jacens," which is an inheritance or estate lying vacant or in abeyance prior to the ascertainment of the heir or his assumption of the succession.
  3. Jacens Haereditas

    An inheritance in abeyance.
  4. Jacet In Ore

    It lies in the mouth.
    Lat. In old English law. It lies in the mouth. Fleta, lib. 5, c. 5, § 49.
  5. Jack

    A kind of defensive coat-armor worn by horsemen in war; not made of solid iron, but of many plates fastened together. Some tenants were bound by their tenure to find it upon invasion. Cowell.
  6. Jack Cade Laws

    A Jack Cade law is a statute or regulation that has the effect of weakening the rule of law, hindering access to justice or imposing excessive controls on lawyers' capacities to advocate for citizens. The term has been used in relation to laws that abolished the reimbursement of lawsuit costs by at-fault persons to their innocent victims and laws for the censorship of lawyers' political statements. They are named after Jack Cade a character in William Shakespeare's Henry VI, part 2 who led a [...]
  7. Jack Ketch

    An English hangman or executioner.
  8. Jack Of Lent

    An effigy personifying Lent.
  9. Jackson-Vanik Amendment

    The Jackson–Vanik amendment to the Trade Act of 1974 is a 1974 provision in United States federal law intended to affect U.S. trade relations with countries with non-market economies (originally, countries of the Communist bloc) that restrict freedom of emigration and other human rights. The amendment, named after its major co-sponsors Henry M. "Scoop" Jackson of Washington in the Senate and Charles Vanik of Ohio in the House of Representatives, both Democrats, is contained in Title IV of [...]
  10. Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children And Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act

    The Jacob Wetterling Crimes Against Children and Sexually Violent Offender Registration Act (the Wetterling Act) is a United States law that requires states to implement a sex offender and crimes against children registry. It is named for Jacob Wetterling, a Minnesota eleven-year-old who was abducted by a stranger in 1989, and was missing for almost 27 years until his death was confirmed when his remains were found on September 1, 2016. The law, enacted as part of the Federal Violent Crime [...]
  11. Jacobin

    A Jacobin (French pronunciation: ​[ʒakɔbɛ̃]) was a member of the Jacobin Club, a revolutionary political movement that was the most famous political club during the French Revolution (1789–99). The club was so called from the Dominican convent where they originally met, in the Rue Saint-Jacques (Latin: Jacobus) in Paris. Today, Jacobin and Jacobinism are used in a variety of senses. Jacobin is sometimes used in Britain as a pejorative for radical, left-wing revolutionary politics [...]
  12. Jacobus

    A Jacobus is an English gold coin of the reign of James I, worth 25 shillings. The name of the coin comes from the Latin inscription surrounding the King's head on the obverse of the coin, IACOBUS D G MAG BRIT FRA ET HI REX ("James, by the grace of God, of Britain, France and Ireland King"). Isaac Newton refers to the coin in a letter to John Locke: The Jacobus piece coin'd for 20 shillings is the 41th: part of a pound Troy, and a Carolus 20s piece is of the same weight. But a broad Jacobus [...]
    A gold coin worth 24s., so called from James I., who was king when it was struck. Enc. Lond.
  13. Jactitation

    Jactitation, in common law jurisdictions, refers to the maliciously boasting or giving out by one party that he or she is married to the other. In addition, this term may refer to acts such as slander of title or other similar misrepresentations of the ownership of physical or intellectual property. The legal action with regard to marriage has been abolished in several jurisdictions, including in the United Kingdom and in Ireland.
    An involuntary convulsive muscular movement. See 46 La. Ann. 1189, 49 Am. St. Rep. 348, 24 L. R. A. 589, 15 South. 388. A false boast.
    A false boasting; a false claim; assertions repeated to the prejudice of another's right. The species of defamation or disparagement of another's title to real estate known at common law as "slan-'der of title" comes under the head of jactitation, and In some jurisdictions (as in Louisiana) a remedy for this injury is provided under the name of an "action of jactitation."See alsoJactitation of a rightJactitation of marriageJactitation of tithes
  14. Jactitation Of A Right

    To a church sitting appears to be the boasting by a man that he has a right or title to a pew or sitting in a church to which he has legally no title.
  15. Jactitation Of Marriage

    In English ecclesiastical law. The boasting or giving out by a party that he or she is married to some other, whereby a common reputation of their matri-mquy may ensue. To defeat that result, the person may be put to a proof of the actual marriage failing which proof, he or she is put to silence about it. 3 Bl. Comm. 93.
    A false boasting of one’s marriage. See 2 Bl. Comm. 93.
    Eng. eccl. law. The boasting by an individual that he or she has married another, from which it may happen that they will acquire the reputation of being married to each other. 2. The ecclesiastical courts may in such cases entertain a libel by the party injured; and, on proof of the facts, enjoin the wrong-doer to perpetual silence; and, as a punishment, make him pay the costs. 3 Bl. Com. 93; 2 Hagg. Cons. R. 423 Id. 285; 2 Chit. Pr. 459.
  16. Jactitation Of Tithes

    Is the boasting by a man that he is entitled to certain tithes to which he has legally no title. In medical jurisprudence. Involuntary, convulsive muscular movement; restless agitation or tossing of the body to and fro. Leman v. Insurance Co., 46 La. Ann. 1189, 15 South. 388, 24 In R. A. 589, 49 Am. St Rep. 348.
    A false boasting of one’s right to tithes.
  17. Jactitation Of Title

    The term that means a false claim to title to property, or the claim to a title is invalid; slander of title.
  18. Jactivus

    Thrown away; lost.
    Lost by default; tossed away. Cowell.
  19. Jactura

    Jettison; loss thereby. See Jettison.
    In the civil law. A throwing of goods overboard in a storm; jettison. Loss from such a cause. Calvin.
    The same as jettison. (q. v.) 1 Bell's Com. 586, 5th ed.
  20. Jactus

    Jettison, which see. See, also, 51 U. S. 270, 13 L. Ed. 417.
    A throwing goods overboard to lighten or save the vessel, in which case the goods se sacrificed are a proper subject for general average. Dig. 14, 2, "de lege Rhodia de Jactu." And sce Barnard v. Adams, 10 How. 303, 13 I Ed. 417. See Jactus lapilli.

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