Legal Dictionary

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  1. C

    The initial letter of the word "Codex," used by some writers in citing the Code of Justiniau. Tayl. Civil Law, 24. It was also the letter iuscribed on the ballots by which, among the Romans, jurors voted to condemn an accused party. It was the initial letter of condcmno, I condemn. Tayl. Civil Law, 192. C, as the third letter of the alphabet, is used as a numeral, in like manner with that use of A and B, (q. v.) The letter is also used to designate the third of a series of propositions, [...]
  2. C Corporation

    A C corporation, under United States federal income tax law, refers to any corporation that is taxed separately from its owners. A C corporation is distinguished from an S corporation, which generally is not taxed separately. Most major companies (and many smaller companies) are treated as C corporations for U.S. federal income tax purposes.
    Any corporation that does not qualify and elect to be an S corporation under the Internal Revenue Code. Unlike S corporations, C corporations must always pay income taxes directly to the federal government. See 26 U.S.C. § 11 and 26 U.S.C. § 1361(a)(2).
    A corporation in the United States that, for Federal income tax purposes, is taxed under and Subchapter C ( et seq.) of Chapter 1 of the Internal Revenue Code.A C corporation may also be subject to a separate Federal income tax called the Alternative Minimum Tax.
  3. C'est Ascavoir

    (French) That is to say.
    L. Fr. That is to say or to-wlt. Generally written as one word, ce8toscavoir, oestoscavoire.
  4. C'est Le Crime Qui Fait La Honte, Et Non Pas L'echafaud

    It is the crime which brings disgrace, and not the scaffold.
    Fr. It is the offence which causes the shame, and not the scaffold.
  5. C-share

    An Investment Trust being a corporate legal entity, may issue C shares (or
  6. C2eterorum

    The name of a kind of administration, which, after an administration has been granted for a limited purpose, is granted for the rest of the estate. 1 Will. on Ex. 357; 2 Hagg. 62; 4 Hagg. Eccl. R. 382, 386; 4 Mann. & Gr. 398. For example, where a wife had a right to devise or bequeath certain stock, and she made a will of the same, but there were accumulations that did not pass, the husband might take out letters of administration caeterorum. 4 Mann. & Grang.398;1 Curteis, 286.
  7. Cab-rank Rule

    In English law (and other countries which adopt the rule), the cab-rank rule is the obligation of a barrister to accept any work in a field in which they profess themselves competent to practise, at a court at which they normally appear, and at their usual rates. The rule derives its name from the tradition by which a Hackney carriage driver at the head of a queue of taxicabs is supposed to take the first passenger requesting a ride. The cab rank rule is set out at rC29 of the Bar Standards [...]
  8. Cabal

    A cabal is a group of people united in some close design together, usually to promote their private views or interests in an ideology, state, or other community, often by intrigue, usually unbeknown to persons outside their group. The use of this term usually carries strong connotations of shadowy corners, back rooms and insidious influence. The term is frequently used in conspiracy theories; some Masonic conspiracy theories describe Freemasonry as an internationalist secret cabal.
    A junto; a small political faction.
    A small association for the purpose of intrigue; an intrigue. This name was given to that ministry in the reign of Charles II. formed by Clifford, Ashley; Buckingham, Arlington, and Lauderdale, who concerted a scheme for the restoration of popery. The initials of these five names form the word "cabal;" hence the appellation. Hume, Hist. Eng. lx. 69.
  9. Cabalist

    In French commercial law. A factor or broker.
  10. Caballaria

    Pertaining to a horse. It was a feudal tenure of lands, the tenant furnishing a horseman suitably equipped in time of war or when the lord had occasion for his service.
  11. Caballeria

    (Spanish) A lot of land measuring 100 by 200 feet.
    In Spanish law. An allotment of land acquired by conquest, to a horse soldier. It was a strip one hundred feet wide by two hundred feet deep. The term has been sometimes used in those parts of the United States which were derived from Spain. See 12 Pet 444, note. I
    Spanish law. A measure of land, which is different in different provinces. Diccionario por la Real Academia. In those parts of the United States, which formerly belonged to Spain, the caballeria is a lot of one hundred feet front and two hundred feet deep, and equal, in all respects, to five peonias. (q. v.) 2 White's Coll. 49; 12 Pet. 444. note. See Fanegas.
  12. Caballero

    (Spanish) A knight.
    In Spanish law. A knight. So called on account of its being more honorable to go on horseback (a caballo) than on any other beast.
  13. Cabana

    A hotel room that is right next to a pool.
  14. Cabin Rights

    Cabin rights and tomahawk rights were processes of claiming land in North America during pre-19th-century settlement on the Northwest and Appalachian frontiers.
  15. Cabinet

    A body of officials forming an advisory council.
    The most senior appointed officers of the executive branch. Its officers are nominated by the President and then presented to the United States Senate for confirmation. A simple majority will vote to confirm or reject the nominee. Upon approval, they are sworn in and begin their respective duties. Department of State Department of the Treasury Department of Defense Department of Justice Department of the Interior Department of Agriculture Department of Commerce Department of [...]
    The advisory board or council of a king or other chief executive. In the government of the United States the cabinet is composed of the secretary of state, the see-cretary of the treasury, the secretary of the interior, the secretary of war, the secretary of the navy, the secretary of agricniture, the secretary of commerce and labar, the attorney general, and the postmaster general. The select or secret council of a prince or executive government; so called from the apartment in which it was [...]
    Certain officers who taken collectively make a board; as, the president's, cabinet, which is usually composed of the secretary of state, secretary of the treasury, the attorney general, and some others. 2. These officers are the advisers of the president.
  16. Cabinet Collective Responsibility

    Cabinet collective responsibility, also known as collective ministerial responsibility, is a constitutional convention in governments using the Westminster System that members of the cabinet must publicly support all governmental decisions made in Cabinet, even if they do not privately agree with them. This support includes voting for the government in the legislature. Some Communist political parties apply a similar convention of democratic centralism to their central committee. If a member of [...]
  17. Cabinet Council

    A council of cabinet members held privately to consider public matters.
    In English law. A private and confidential assembly of the most considerable ministers of state, to concert measures for the administration of public affairs; first established by Charles I. Wharton.
  18. Cabinet Reshuffle

    In the parliamentary system a cabinet reshuffle or shuffle is an informal term for an event that occurs when a head of government rotates or changes the composition of ministers in their cabinet. Cabinet reshuffles happen for a variety of reasons. Periodically, smaller reshuffles are needed to replace ministers who have resigned, retired or died. Reshuffles are also a way for a premier to "refresh" the government, often in the face of poor polling numbers; remove poor performers; and reward [...]
  19. Cable

    A cable is two or more wires running side by side and bonded, twisted, or braided together to form a single assembly. The term originally referred to a nautical line of specific length where multiple ropes, each laid clockwise, are then laid together anti-clockwise and shackled to produce a strong thick line, resistant to water absorption, that was used to anchor large ships. In mechanics, cables, otherwise known as wire ropes, are used for lifting, hauling, and towing or conveying force [...]
    A large and strong rope or chain, such as is attached to a vessel's anchors or the traction-rope of a street railway Operated by the cable system, (Hooper v. Railway Co., 85 Md. 509, 37 Atl. 359, 38 In R. A. 509J or used in submarine telegraphy, (see 25 Sint. 41 [U. S. Comp. St. 1901, p. 3586].)
  20. Cable Act

    The Cable Act of 1922 (ch. 411, 42 Stat. 1021, "Married Women’s Independent Nationality Act") was a United States federal law that reversed former immigration laws regarding marriage.(It is also known as the Married Women's Citizenship Act or the Women's Citizenship Act). Previously, a woman lost her US citizenship if she married a foreign man, since she assumed the citizenship of her husband, a law that did not apply to US citizen men who married foreign women. The law repealed sections 3 [...]

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