The offence of attempting to overthrow the government of the state to which the offender owes allegiance; or of betraying the state into the hands of a foreign power. Webster. In England, treason is an offence particularly directed against the person of the sovereign, and consists
(1) in compassing or imagining the death of the king or queen, or their eldest sen and heir;
(2) in violating the king's companion, or the king's eldest daughter unmarried, or the wife of the king's eldest son and heir;
(3) in levying war against the king in his realm;
(4) in adhering to the king's enemies in his realm, giving to them aid and comfort in the realm or elsewhere, and
(5) slaying the chancellor, treasurer, or the king's justices of the one bench or the other, justices in eyre
, or justices of assize, and all other justices assigned to hear and determine
, being in their places doing their offices. 4 Steph. Comm. 185-193; 4 Bl. Comm. 76-84. "Treason against the United States shall consist only in levying war against them, or in adhering to their enemies, giving them aid and comfort." U. S. Co.nst. art. 3, § 3, cl. 1. See Young v. U. S., 97 U. S. 62, 24 In Ed. 992; U. S. v. Bollman, 1 Cranch, C. C. 373, Fed. Cas. No. 14,622; U. Sv. Greathouse, 4 Sawy. 457, 2 Abb. U. S. 364, Fed. Cas. No. 15,254; U. S. v. Hanway, 2 Wall. Jr. 139, Fed. Cas. No. 15,299; U. S. v. Hoxie, 1 Paine, 265, Fed. Cas. No. 15,407; U. S. v. Pryor, 3 Wash. C. C. 234, Fed. Cas. No. 16,096.