What is Solicitor General?

Legal Definition
A Solicitor General or Solicitor-General, in common law countries, is usually a legal officer who is the chief representative of a regional or national government in courtroom proceedings. In systems that have an Attorney General (or equivalent position), the Solicitor General is often the second-ranked law officer of the state and a deputy of the Attorney General. The extent to which a Solicitor General actually provides legal advice to or represents the government in court varies from jurisdiction to jurisdiction, and sometimes between individual office holders in the same jurisdiction.

Solicitors General include the following:

  • United States Solicitor General, the federal government's primary advocate before the U.S. Supreme Court
  • In states in the United States, a Solicitor General is usually the top appellate advocate on behalf of the State, its executives and officials, and its legislature (sometimes referred to as State Solicitor, or Appellate Chief, depending upon the particular state). In many states, the Solicitor General also formulates a state's legal position in significant out-of-state cases before the Supreme Court of the United States. State Solicitors General include:
    • Michigan Solicitor General, the top appellate advocate for the State of Michigan
    • Solicitor General of Ohio, the top appellate advocate in the state of Ohio
-- Wikipedia
Legal Definition
In English law. One of the principal law officers of the crown, associated in his duties with the attorney general, holding office by patent during the pleasure of the sovereign, and having a right of preaudience in the courts. 3 Bl. Comm. 27. In American law, an officer of the department of justice, next in rank and authority to the attorney general, whose principal assistant he is. His chief function is to represent the United States in all cases in the supreme court and the court of claims in which the government is interested or to which it is a party, and to discharge the duties of the attorney general in the absence or disability of that officer or when there is a vacancy in the office. Rev. St. U. S. ยงยง 347, 359 (U. S. Comp. St. 1901, pp. 202, 207).
-- Black's Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
the name that is given to the US Attorney General.