What is Servant?

Legal Definition
In Louisiana they are divided into free servants and slaves. See Slaves; Slavery.

2. Free servants are, in general, all free persons who let, hire, or engage their services to another in the state, to be employed therein at any work, commerce, or occupation whatever, for the benefit of him who has contracted with them, for a certain sum or retribution, or upon certain conditions.

3. There are three kinds of free servants in the state, to wit:

4. - 1. Those who only hire out their services by the day, week, month, or year, in consideration of certain wages.

5. - 2. Those who engage to serve for a fixed time for a certain consideration, and who are therefore considered not as having hired out, but as having sold their services.

6. - 3. Apprentices that is, those who engage to serve any one, in order to learn some art, trade, or profession. Civ. Code of Lo. art. 155, 156, 157.
-- Bouviers Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
A servant ls one who is employed to render personui services to his employer, otherwise than in the pursuit of an independent calling, and who in such servico remains entirely under the control and direction of the latter, who is called his master. Civ. Code Cal. § 2009. Servants or domestics are those who re-coive wages, and stay in the house of the person paying and employing them for his services or that of his family; such are valets, footmen, cooks, butlers, and others who reside in the house. Civ. Code La. art 3205. Free servants are in general nil free persons who let, hire, or engage their services to another in the state, to be employed therein at any work, commerce, or ocoupation whatever for the benefit of him who has contracted with them, for a certain price or retribution, or upon certain conditions. Civ. Code La. art. 163. Servante are of two kinds,—menial servants, being persons retained by others to live within the walls of the house, and to perform the work and business of the household; and persons employed by men of trades and professions under them, to assist them in their particular callings. Mozley & Whitley. See, also, Flesh v. Lindsay, 115 Mo. 1, 21 S. W. 907, 37 Am. St Rep. 374; Murray v. Dwight, 161 N. Y. 301, 55 N. E. 901, 48 In R. A. 673; Ginter v. Shelton, 102 Va. 185, 45 S. E. 892; Powers v. Massachusetts Homoeopathic Hospital, 109 Fed. 294, 47 C. C. A. 122, 65 In R. A. 372; Campfield v. Lang, (C. C.) 25 Fed. 131; Frank v. Herold, 63 N. J. Eq. 443, 52 Atl. 152; Morgan v. Bowman, 22 Mo. 548; Gravatt v. State, 25 Ohio St. 167; Hand v. Cole, 88 Tenn. 400, 12 S. W. 922, 7 L. R. A. 96.
-- Black's Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
One engaged to render personal services to his employer otherwise than in the pursuit of an independent calling and who in such service is wholly under the latter’s control. See 214 Pa. St. 229, 112 Am. St. Rep. 739, 6 L. R. A. (N. S.) 544, 63 Atl. 792.
-- Ballentine's Law Dictionary