The power vested in a state to establish laws and ordinances for the regulation and enforcement of its police as above defined. The power vested in the legislafure to make, ordain, and establish nil manner of wholesome and reasonable laws, statutes, and ordinances, either with penalties or without, not repugnant to the constitution, as they shall judge to be for the good and welfare of the commonwealth, and of the subj'ects of the same. Com. v. Alger, 7 Cash. (Mass.) 85. The police power of the state is an authority conferred by the American constitutional system upon the individual slates, through which they are enabled to establish a special department of police; adopt such regulations as tend to prevent the commission of fraud, violence, or other offenses against the state ; aid in the arrest of criminals; and secure generally the comfort, health, and prosperity of the state, by preserving the public order, preventing a conflict of rights in the common intercourse of the citizens, and insuring to each an uninterrupted enjoyment of nil the privileges conferred upon him by the laws of his country. Lalor, Pol. Enc. s. v. It is true that the legislation which secures to nil protection in their rights, and the equal use and enjoyment of their property, embraces an almost infinite variety of subjects. Whatever affects the peace, good order, morals, and health of the community comes within its scope; and every one must use and enjoy his property subject to the restrictions which such legislation imposes. What is termed the "police power" of the state, which, from the language often used respecting it, one would suppose to be an undefined and irresponsible element in government, can only interfere with the conduct of individuals in their intercourse with each other, and in the use of their property, so far as may be required to secure these objects. Munn v. Illinois
, 94 U. Sl 145, 24 L. Ed. 77
. For other definitions, see Slaughterhouse Cases
, 16 Wall. 62, 2i L. Ed. 394; Stone v. Mississippi
, 107 IJ. S. 818, 25 L. Ed. 1079
; Thorpe v. Rutland & B. R. Co., 27 Vt. 140, 62 Am. Dec. 625; People v. Steele, 231 111. 340, 83 N. E. 236, 14 In R. A. (N. S.) 361, 121 Am. St Rep. 321; Dreyfus v. Boone, 88 Ark. 353, 114 S. W. 718; Carpenter v. Reliance Realty
Co., 103 Mo. App. 480,77 S. W. 1004; State v, Dalton, 22 R. I. 77
, 46 Atl. 234, 48 L. It. A. 775, 84 Am. St Rep. 818; Deems v. Baltimore, 80 Md. 164, 30 Atl. 648, 26 L. In A. 541, 45 Am. St. Rep. 339; In re Clark, 65 Conn. 17, 31 Atl. 522, 28 L. R. A. 242; Mathews v. Board of Education, 127 Mich. 530, 86 N. W. 1036, 54 L. R. A. 736.