What is Methodology?

Legal Definition
Methodology is the systematic, theoretical analysis of the methods applied to a field of study. It comprises the theoretical analysis of the body of methods and principles associated with a branch of knowledge. Typically, it encompasses concepts such as paradigm, theoretical model, phases and quantitative or qualitative techniques.

A methodology does not set out to provide solutions - it is, therefore, not the same as a method. Instead, a methodology offers the theoretical underpinning for understanding which method, set of methods, or best practices can be applied to specific case, for example, to calculate a specific result.

It has been defined also as follows:

  1. "the analysis of the principles of methods, rules, and postulates employed by a discipline";
  2. "the systematic study of methods that are, can be, or have been applied within a discipline";
  3. "the study or description of methods".
-- Wikipedia
Legal Definition
Broad principles or rules in this specific type of system. Used to guide a user to the specific methods or procedures needed to derive, interpret, or solve different problems within the scope of a particular discipline. A methodology is a set of practices. Contrast to an algorithm, a formula.