The Indonesian province of Aceh enforces some provisions of the Islamic criminal law, the sole province to do so. The Islamic criminal law is called jinayat
(an Arabic loanword) in Aceh, while the laws implementing them are called Qanun Jinayat
or Hukum Jinayat
, roughly meaning "Islamic Criminal Code". While the largely-secular law of Indonesia apply in Aceh, Aceh passed additional regulations, some of which were derived from the Islamic criminal law. These are possible because Indonesia authorized its provinces to enact "regional regulations" (perda
), and granted a special autonomy to Aceh which mandated the implementation of Islamic law. Offences under the provisions include alcohol consumption, production and distribution, gambling, adultery
, certain intimacies outside marriage, and certain homosexual acts. Punishments include caning, fine, and imprisonment. There is no provision for stoning; an attempt to introduce it in 2009 was vetoed by Governor Irwandi Yusuf. In 2016, Aceh processed 324 first instance court
cases under the Islamic criminal law, and carried out at least 100 caning sentences.
Supporters of the law defend
under the special autonomy granted to Aceh, and said that it falls within the freedom of religion
of the people of Aceh. Critics, including Amnesty
International, object to its use of caning as punishment, as well as its criminalization of consensual
sex outside marriage.