A generic term applicable to all transfers of real property. 3 Washb. Real Prop. 181, 353. A transfer by deed of that which caimot be passed by livery. Williams, Real Prop. 147, 149; Jordan v. Indianapolis Water Co., 159 Ind. 337, 64 N. E. 680. An act evidenced by letters patent under the great seal, granting something from the king to a subject. Cruise, Dig. tit 33, 34; Downs v. United States, 113 Fed. 147, 6l C. a A. 100. A technical term made use of in deeds of conveyance of lands to import a transfer. 3 Washb. Real Prop. 378-380. Though the word "grant" was originally made use of, in treating of conveyances of interests in lands, to denote a transfer by deed of that which could not be passed by livery, and, of course
, was applied only to incorporeal hereditaments, it has now become a generic term, applicable to the transfer of all classes of real property. 3 Washb. Real Prop. 181. As distinguished from a mere license, a grant passes some estate or interest, corporeal or incorporeal, in the lands which it embraces ; can only be made by an instrument in writing, under seal; and is irrevocable, when made, unless an express power of revocation is reserved. A license is a mere authority ; passes no estate or interest whatever; may be made by parol; is revocable at will; and, when revoked, the protection which it gave ceases to exist. Jamieson v. Millemann, 3 Duer (N. Y.) 255, 258. The term "grant," in Scotland, is used in reference
(1) to original dispositions of land, as when a lord makes grants of land among tenants;
(2) to gratuitous deeds. Paterson. In such case, the superior or donor is said to grant the deed; an expression totally unknown in English law. Mozley & Whitley. By the word "grant," in a treaty, is meant not only a formal grant, but any concession,' warrant, order, or permission to survey, possess, or settle, whether written or parol, express, or presumed from possession. Such a grant may be made by law, as well as by a patent pursuant to
a law. Strother v. Lucas, 12 Pet. 436, 9 L Ed. 1137. And see Bryan v. Kennett
, 113 U. S. 179
, 5 Sun. Ch 413, 28 L. Ed. 908
; Hastings v. Turnpike Co., 9 Pick. (Mass.) 80; Dudley v. Sumner, 5 Mass. 470.