To fabricate, construct
or prepare one thing in imitation
of another thing, with the intention of substituting the false for the genuine or otherwise deceiving and defrauding by the use of the spurious
article. To counterfeit or make falsely. Especially, to make a spurious written instrument with the intention Of fraudulently substituting it for another or of passing it off as genuine; or to fraudulently alter
a genuine instrument to another's prejudice; or to sign another person's name to a document, with a deceitful and fraudulent intent See In re Cross
(D. C.) 43 Fed. 520; U. S. v. Watkins, 28 Fed. Cas. 445; Johnson v. State, 9 Tex. App. 251; Longwell v. Day, 1 Mich. N. P. 290; People v. Compton, 123 Cal. 403, 56 Pac. 44; People v. Graham, 1 Sheld. (N. Y.) 155; Rohr v. State, 60 N. J. Law, 576, 38 Atl. 673; Haynes v. State, 15 Ohio St 455; Garner v. State, 5 Lea, 213; State v. Greenwood, 76 Minn. 211, 78 N. W. 1042, 77 Am. St. Rep. 632; State v. Young, 46 N. In 266, 88 Am. Dee, 212.
To forge (a metaphorical expression, borrowed from the occupation
of the smith) means, properly speaking, no more than to make or form, but in our law it is always taken in an evil sense. 2 East, P. C. p. 852, c. 19, § 1.
To forge is to make in the likeness of something else; to counterfeit is to make in imitation of something else, with a view to defraud by passing the false copy for genuine or original. Both words, "forged" and "counterfeited," convey the idea of simllitude. State v. McKenzie, 42 Me. 392.
In common usage, however, forgery is almost always predicated of some private instrument or writing, as a deed, note, will, or a signature
; and counterfeiting
denotes the fraudulent imitation of coined or paper money
or some substitute