The Food, Conservation, and Energy Act of 2008
(Pub.L. 110–234, H.R. 2419
, 122 Stat. 923, enacted May 22, 2008, also known as the 2008 U.S. Farm Bill
) was a $288 billion, five-year agricultural policy bill that was passed into law by the United States Congress on June 18, 2008. The bill was a continuation
of the 2002 Farm Bill. It continues the United States' long history of agricultural subsidy as well as pursuing areas such as energy, conservation, nutrition, and rural
development. Some specific initiatives in the bill include increases in Food Stamp
benefits, increased support for the production of cellulosic ethanol, and money for the research of pests, diseases and other agricultural problems.
On January 1, 2013, Congress passed the American Taxpayer Relief Act of 2012
to avert the fiscal cliff and the next day President Barack Obama signed the Act into law. (Public Law No: 112-240) The "fiscal cliff" deal was primarily enacted to avoid automatic tax hikes and spending cuts, but also included provisions extending portions of the 2008 Farm Bill for nine months through September 30, 2013. Senate Majority Leader Harry Reid has demonstrated a commitment
to working on a new five-year Farm Bill by reintroducing last session's Senate Farm Bill in the new 113th Congress.