What is Fixed Rate Bond?

Legal Definition
In finance, a fixed rate bond is a type of debt instrument bond with a fixed coupon (interest) rate, as opposed to a floating rate note. A fixed rate bond is a long term debt paper that carries a predetermined interest rate. The interest rate is known as coupon rate and interest is payable at specified dates before bond maturity. Due to the fixed coupon, the market value of a fixed-rate bond is susceptible to fluctuations in interest rates, and therefore has a significant amount of interest rate risk. That being said, the fixed-rate bond, although a conservative investment, is highly susceptible to a loss in value due to inflation. The fixed-rate bond’s long maturity schedule and predetermined coupon rate offers an investor a solidified return, while leaving the individual exposed to a rise in the consumer price index and overall decrease in their purchasing power.

The coupon rate attached to the fixed-rate bond is payable at specified dates before the bond reaches maturity; the coupon rate and the fixed-payments are delivered periodically to the investor at a percentage rate of the bond’s face value. Due to a fixed-rate bond’s lengthy maturity date, these payments are typically small and as stated before are not tied into interest rates.
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Legal Definition
A DEBT obligation, such as a domestic BOND, EUROBOND, or GLOBAL BOND, which pays a fixed COUPON on a monthly, quarterly, semiannual, or annual basis. Fixedrate bonds, which carry maturities ranging from one to 30 years, can be issued directly or from MEDIUMTERM NOTE or EURO MEDIUMTERM NOTE programs, and may be sold as publiclyplaced REGISTERED SECURITIES, BEARER SECURITIES, or PRIVATE PLACEMENTS. See also FLOATING RATE NOTE.
Legal Definition
A bond that pays fixed interest over the lifetime.