What is Financial Assistance?

Legal Definition
Financial assistance in law refers to assistance given by a company for the purchase of its own shares or the shares of its holding companies. In many jurisdictions such assistance is prohibited or restricted by law. For example all EU member states are required to restrict financial assistance by public companies up to the limit of the company's distributable reserves, although some members go further, for example, Belgium, Bulgaria, France, and The Netherlands restrict financial assistance by all companies. Where such assistance is given in breach of applicable law it will render the relevant transaction void and may constitute a criminal offence.
-- Wikipedia
Legal Definition
Loans or other financial instruments that a third party grants. It can also be subsidies, tax allowances, cost sharing arrangements as well.