In former times, the parties toan action, personally or by their counsel, used to appear in open court and make their mutual statements vivd voce, instead of as at the present day delivering their mutual pleadings, until they arrived at the issue or precise point in dispute between them. During the progress of this oral statement, a minute of the various proceedings was made on parchment by an officer of the court appointed for that
purpose. The parchment then became the record; in other words, the official history of the suit. Long after the practice of oral pleading
had fallen into disuse, it continued necessary to enter the proceedings in like manner upon the parchment roll, and this was called "entry on the roll," or making up the 'Issue roll." But by a rule of EL T. 4 Wm. IV. the practice of making up the issue roll was abolished; and it was only necessary to make up the issue in the form prescribed for the purpose by a rule of H. T. 1853, and to deliver the same to the court and to the opposite party. The issue which was delivered to the court was called the "nisi prius
record;" and that was regarded as the official history of the suit, in like manner as the issue roll formerly was. Under the present practice, the issue roll or nisi prius record consists of the papers delivered to the court, to facilitate the trial of the action, these papers consisting of the pleadings simply, with the notice of trial
4. In commercial law
. Entry denotes the act of a merchant, trader, or other business man in recording in his account-books the facts and circumstances of a sale, loan, or other transaction. Also the note or record so made. Bissell v. Beckwith, 32 Conn. 517; U. S. v. Crecelius (D. Ct) 34 Fed. 30. The books In which such memoranda are first (or originally) inscribed are called "books of original entry," and are prima facie evidence for certain purposes.
5. In revenne law. The entry of imported goods at the custom house consists in submitting them to the inspection of the revenue officers, together with a statement or description of such goods, and the original invoices of the same, for the purpose of estimating the duties to be paid thereon. U. S. v. Legg, 105 Fed. 930, 45 C. C. A. 134; In S. v. Baker, 24 Fed. Cas. 953; U. S. v. Sei-denberg (C. Ct) 17 Fed. 230.
6. In parliamentary law. The "entry" of a proposed constitutional amendment or of any other document or transaction in the journal of a house of the legislature consists in recording it in writing in such journal, and (according to most of the authorities) at length. See Koehler v. Hill, 60 Iowa, 543, 15 N. W. 609; Thomason v. Rug-gles, 69 Cal. 465, 11 Pac. 20; Oakland Pav. Co. v. Hilton, 69 Cal. 479, 11 Pac.
7. In copyright law. Depositing with the register of copyrights the printed title of a book, pamphlet, etc., for the purpose of securing copyright on the same. The old formula for giving notice of copyright was, "Entered according to act of congress," etc.
8. In public land laws. Under the provisions of the land laws of the United States, the term "entry" denotes the filing at the land-office, or inscription upon its records, of the documents required to found a claim for a homestead or pre-emption right, and as preliminary to the issuing of a patent for the land. Chotard v. Pope
, 12 Wheat. 588, 6 L. Ed. 737
; Sturr v. Beck
, 133 U. S. 541
, 10 Sup. Ct. 350, 33 L. Ed. 761
; Goddard v. Storch, 57 Kan. 714, 48 Pac. 15; Goodnow v. Wells, 67 Iowa, 654, 25 N. W. 864.