What is Employee Assistance Program?

Legal Definition
An employee assistance program (EAP) is an employee benefit program that assists employees with personal problems and/or work-related problems that may impact their job performance, health, mental and emotional well-being. EAPs generally offer free and confidential assessments, short-term counseling, referrals, and follow-up services for employees and their household members. EAP counselors also work in a consultative role with managers and supervisors to address employee and organizational challenges and needs. Many corporations, academic institution and/or government agencies are active in helping organizations prevent and cope with workplace violence, trauma, and other emergency response situations. There is a variety of support programs offered for employees. Even though EAPs are mainly aimed at work-related problems, there are a variety of programs that can assist with problems outside of the workplace. EAPs have grown over the years, and are more desirable economically and socially.
-- Wikipedia
Legal Definition
An assistance and support service, confidential, for each individual. In situations where alcoholism, family disintegration, financial or legal difficulties, marital problems, and substance abuse exists, this program is designed to help employees cope with personal problems negatively affecting their lives, behavior, and/or performance.