In the civil law. The crime of falsifying; which might be committed either by writing, as by the forgery of a will or other instrument; by words, as by bearing false witness
, or perjury; and by acts, as by counterfeiting or adulterating the public money
, dealing with false weights
and measures, counterfeiting seals, and other fraudulent and deceitful practices. Dig. 48, 10; Hallifax, Civil Law, b. 3, c, 12, nn. 56-59.
In Scotch law. It has been defined: "A fraudulent imitation or suppression of truth, to the prejudice of another." Ersk. Inst 4, 4, 66.
At common law. Any crime which may injuriously affect the administration of justice
, by the introduction of falsehood and fraud. 1 Greenl. Ev. § 373.
In modern law. This phrase is not used as a designation of any specific crime, but as a general designation of a class of offenses, including all such as involve deceit or falsification; e, g., forgery, counterfeiting, using false weights or measures, perjury, etc. Includes forgery, perjury, subornation of perjury, and offenses affecting the public administration of justice. Matzenbaugh v. People, 194 111. 108, 62 N. E. 546, 88 Am. St Rep. 134; Little v. Gibson, 89 N. H. 510
; State v. Randolph, 24 Conn. 365; Webb v. State, 29 Ohio St. 358; Johnston v. Riley, 13 Ga. 97.