(from French: artisan
, Italian: artigiano
) is a skilled craft
worker who makes or creates things by hand that may be functional
or strictly decorative, for example furniture
, decorative arts, sculptures, clothing, jewellery, food items household
items and tools or even mechanisms such as the handmade clockwork movement of a watchmaker. Artisans practice a craft and may through experience and aptitude
reach the expressive levels of an artist.
The adjective "artisanal" is sometimes used in describing hand-processing in what is usually viewed as an industrial process, such as in the phrase artisanal mining
. Thus, "artisanal" is sometimes used in marketing and advertising as a buzz word to describe or imply some relation with the crafting of handmade food products, such as bread, beverages or cheese. Many of these have traditionally been handmade, rural
or pastoral goods but are also now commonly made on a larger scale with automated mechanization
in factories and other industrial areas.
Artisans were the dominant
producers of consumer products prior to the Industrial Revolution.
In ancient Greece, artisans were drawn to agoras and often built workshops nearby.Artisans were drawn to agoras and often built workshops nearby.