What is Approvement?

Legal Definition
English crim. law. The act by which a person indicted of treason or felony, and arraigned for the same, confesses the same before any plea pleaded, and accuses others, his accomplices, of the same crime, in order to obtain his pardon. 2 This practice is disused. 4 Bl. Com. 330 1 Phil. Ev. 37. In modern practice, an accomplice is permitted to give evidence against his associates. 9 Cowen, R. 707; 2 Virg. Cas. 490; 4 Mass. R. 156; 12 Mass. R. 20; 4 Wash. C. C. R. 428; 1 Dev. R. 363; 1 City Hall Rec. 8. In Vermont, on a trial for adultery, it was held that a particeps criminis was not a competent witness, because no person can be allowed to testify his own guilt or turpitude to convict another. N. Chap. R. 9.
-- Bouviers Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
English law. 1. The inclosing of common land within the lord's waste, so as to leave egress and regress to a tenant who is a commoner. 2. The augmentation of the profits of land. Stat. of Merton, 20 Hen. VIII.; F. N. B. 72 Crompt. Jus. 250; 1 Lilly's Reg. 110.
-- Bouviers Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
By the common law, approvement is said to be a species of confession, and incident to the arraignment of a prisoner indicted for treason or felony, who confesses the fact before plea pleaded, and appeals or .accuses others, his accomplices in the same crime, in order to obtain his own pardon. In this case he is called an "approver," or "prover," "probator," and the party appealed or accused is called the "appellee." Such approvement can only be in capital offenses, and it ls, as it were, equivalent to an indictment, since the appellee Is equally called upon to answer it. Gray v. People, 26 III. 344 ; Whiskey Cases, 99 U S. 599. 25 L. Ed. 399: State v. Graham, 41 N. J. Law, 15, 32 Am. Rep. 174.
-- Black's Law Dictionary
Legal Definition
Confessing a capital offence after indictment and before pleading and accusing another of it. See 26 111. 344.
-- Ballentine's Law Dictionary