In criminal law. A paason who knowingly, voluntarily, and with common intent
with the principal offender udltes ip the commission of a crime. Clapp v. State, 94 Tenn. 186, 30 S. W. 214; People v. Bolanger, 71 Cal. 17, 11 Pan. 799; State v. Umide, 1U> Mo. 452, 22 S. W. 378; Carroll v. State, M> Ark. 539; State v. Light, 17 Or. 358, 21 Fine. 132.
One who is pitied or united with another; one of several concerned in a felony; an associate in a erime; one who co-operates, aids, or assists,in committing it State v. Ban, 90 Iowa, jp, 58 N. W. 898. This term includes all jhe "participes criminis, whether considered in strict legal propriety
as principals or as accessaries. 1 Buss. Crimes, 26.
It is generally applied to those who are admitted to give evidence against their fellow
criminals. 4 Bl. Comm. 331; Hawk. P. C. bk. 2, c. 37, § 7; Cross v. People, 47 111. 158, 95 Am. Den
One who is to some way concerned in the commission of a crime, though not as a principal; and this includes all persons who have been concerned in its commission, whether they are considered, in strict legal propriety, as principals in the first or second degree, or merely as accessaries before or after the fact. In re Rowe, 77 Fed. 161, 23 C. C. A. 103; People v. Bolanger, 71 Cal. 17 11 Pac. 790; Polk v. State, 36 Ark. 117; Armstrong v. State
, 33 Tex. Cr. IS. 417, 26 S. W. 829