What is Accessory Before The Fact?

Legal Definition
A person who aids, abets, or encourages another to commit a crime but who is not present at the scene. An accessory before the fact, like an accomplice, may be held criminally liable to the same extent as the principal. Many jurisdictions refer to an accessory before the fact as an accomplice.
Illustrative case law
See, e.g. Standefer v. U.S., 447 U.S. 10 (1980).
See also
  • Accessory
  • Accessory after the fact
Legal Definition
A party who ordered a crime to be committed but did not do it.
Legal Definition
An accessory who acts prior to the commission of the crime. See 26 Fed. Cas. (U. S.) 196.
-- Ballentine's Law Dictionary