The 2000s commodities boom
or the commodities super cycle
was the rise, and fall, of many physical commodity prices (such as those of food stuffs, oil, metals, chemicals, fuels and the like) which occurred during the first two decades of the 2000s (2000–2014), following the Great Commodities Depression of the 1980s and 1990s. The boom was largely due to the rising demand from emerging markets
such as the BRIC countries, particularly China during the period from 1992 to 2013, as well as the result of concerns over long-term supply availability
. There was a sharp
down-turn in prices during 2008 and early 2009 as a result of the credit crunch and sovereign debt
crisis, but prices began to rise as demand recovered from late 2009 to mid-2010. Oil began to slip
downwards after mid-2010, but peaked at $101.80 on 30 and 31 January 2011, as the Egyptian political crisis and rioting broke out, leading to concerns over both the safe use of the Suez Canal
and overall security in Arabia itself. On 3 March, Libya's National Oil Corp said that output had halved due to the departure
of foreign workers. As this happened, Brent Crude surged to a new high of above $116.00 a barrel
as supply disruptions and potential for more unrest in the Middle East and North Africa continued to worry investors. Thus the price of oil kept rising into the 2010s. The commodities super-cycle peaked in 2011, "driven by a combination of strong demand from emerging nations and low supply growth." Prior to 2002, only 5 to 10 per cent
of trading in the commodities market was attributable to investors. Since 2002 "30 per cent of trading is attributable to investors in the commodities market" which "has caused higher price volatility."
The 2000s commodities boom is comparable to the commodity supercycles which accompanied post–World War II economic expansion and the Second Industrial Revolution
in the second half of the 19th century and early 20th century.