that Brown had a reasonable expectation of privacy in the car because Brown had
permission to drive it. See United States v. Miller, 821 F.2d 546, 548 (11th Cir.
1987) (holding that a driver of a borrowed car had a legitimate expectation of
privacy in it, and thus, had standing to challenge a search of the car).
In most circumstances, unless there is consent, police officers must obtain a
warrant supported by probable cause to justify a search under the Fourth
Amendment. United States v. Magluta, 418 F.3d 1166, 1182 (11th Cir. 2005),
cert. denied, 126 S. Ct. 2966 (2006). There are, however, several exceptions to
this rule, including “the automobile exception,” which allows “officers [to] search
any container in an operational car without a warrant as long as they have probable
cause to believe that the container holds evidence of a crime.” Id. (citing
California v. Acevedo, 500 U.S. 565, 579-80, 111 S. Ct. 1982, 1991, 114 L. Ed. 2d
619 (1991)). “Probable cause for a search exists when under the totality of the
circumstances there is a fair probability that contraband or evidence of a crime will
be found in a particular place.” Id. (quotations and citations omitted). “In
examining the totality of the circumstances, a reviewing court must give due
weight to the officer’s experience.” United States v. Briggman, 931 F.2d 705, 709
(11th Cir. 1991).
Furthermore, inventory searches, in accordance with reasonable police