We review all sentences for reasonableness, using a deferential abuse-of-
discretion standard. Gall v. United States, 128 S. Ct. 586, 596-97 (2007). First,
we consider whether the sentence imposed is procedurally sound. Id. at 597. We
then consider whether the sentence is substantively reasonable, using an
abuse-of-discretion standard. Id.
This court still reviews a district court’s interpretation or application of the
Guidelines de novo and its factual findings for clear error. United States v.
Cisneros-Gutierrez, 517 F.3d 751, 764 (5th Cir. 2008). A finding is not clearly
erroneous if it is plausible in light of the whole record. Id.
Section 2A3.5(b)(2) provides that a defendant’s base offense level should
be decreased by three levels, “[i]f the defendant voluntarily (A) corrected the
failure to register; or (B) attempted to register but was prevented from
registering by uncontrollable circumstances and the defendant did not contribute
to the creation of those circumstances.” U.S.S.G. § 2A3.5(b)(2). The application
notes clarify that subsection (b)(2) applies only if “the defendant’s voluntary
attempt to register or to correct the failure to register . . . occurred prior to the
time the defendant knew or reasonably should have known a jurisdiction had
detected the failure to register.” § 2A3.5, cmt. n.2(A).
The record reflects that when Diaz finally corrected his failure to register
in Houston, Texas, he had already been charged with failing to register in
Arkansas. At that time, Diaz knew that his failure to register had been detected
by one jurisdiction. Further, Diaz had been living in Houston for months prior
to his apprehension; he admitted that he did not register because he was doing
so many things at one time; and he conceded that he had the time to register but
was promoting a show at the time and just, basically, avoided the law.
Consequently, Diaz has failed to demonstrate that the district court clearly erred
in denying his request for a three-level adjustment.
Diaz also argues that the district court erred in imposing a life term of
supervised release. Diaz contends that failing to register as a sex offender is a