Q. And what happened after your parents were shot?
A. The rebels, they take me.
Q. And how did the Lord’s Resistance Army take you?
How did they force you to go with them?
A. They tie me on the rope, on the hand with other
three people and then they take us to the camp.
C.A.R. 201; App. at 5.
The LRA forced him to perform manual labor using
threats of physical harm. He testified,
We had to fetch water, to fetch firewood and also
when we go to fight, they also give us the gun and they
put us in the front and, and we go to fight. Also when
we fight, they tell us to, to remove the uniform from the
dead soldiers. The uniform and the, and the gun and
C.A.R. at 205.
He was repeatedly threatened and was beaten on more
than one occasion for failing to adhere to LRA orders.
C.A.R. at 206-07, 218-19. Lukwago was exposed to the
killing and physical torture of his fellow captives, innocent
civilians, and government soldiers. C.A.R. at 205-06, 229-
30, 265. He stated,
We steal those people’s food, their animals, bombing
their houses and sometimes the rebels, they cut the
people’s, the people’s lips like this here. This and
sometime they, their fingers.
C.A.R. at 230.
Moreover, he was forced to place his life in jeopardy in
battles against government forces. C.A.R. at 205-06. He
was subjected to all of this physical and psychological
abuse as a mere 15 year old boy. He was confined against
his will for four months, only to escape in the face of a
significant risk of death. There could be no question that
the LRA’s treatment of Lukwago “constitute[d] a real threat
to [his] life or freedom.” Lin, 238 F.3d at 244.
The INS argues that forced military conscription does not
constitute persecution. Lukwago responds that the INS did